The mystery of the most popular Maya paint making

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The mystery of Maya paint making

the mystery of Maya paint making

January 20, 2015

[China paint information] according to foreign media reports, in the mysterious Maya culture, the Maya people always like to use blue to depict murals. Even when performing sacrifice, they always dye the people used for sacrifice into blue first. Why did the Maya like blue? How did they make this kind of pigment that will not fade after thousands of years? In the British ancient magazine published on February 26, American scientists claimed that they had solved this mystery

Gary Feynman, curator of the field museum in Chicago, USA, said that he and Dean Arnold, Professor of anthropology at Witton college, had recently solved the mystery of the composition of ancient Maya blue paint. Gary Feynman said that since the American John Stephens first discovered the ruins of ancient Mayan civilization in the tropical jungle of Honduras in 1839, archaeologists around the world have found more than 170 abandoned ruins of ancient Mayan cities in the jungles and wastelands of China and the United States. From 1000 B.C. to the 8th century A.D., the footprints of Mayan civilization began in the Yucatan peninsula of Mexico in the north and extended to Guatemala and Honduras in the south, To the Andes. This mysterious nation has built huge buildings of amazing scale in the tropical jungle of South America. Since the Mayans associate blue with their rain god, they will paint the sacrifices offered to the rain god blue and pray that the rain god can rain to help the valley (it should be unchanged or smaller under normal conditions). Then, they will review whether the oil delivery valve and oil pump can grow normally. Scientists have long found blue paint on some objects, but they have not been able to solve the secret of the Maya people making this paint

in addition, from about 600 to 1500 AD, the Maya would throw people and objects into the well as sacrifices. This well is a naturally formed wide sewage pool, which was called "Holy Well" by the Maya at that time. By studying the bones found at the bottom of the well, scientists believe that the vast majority of these human sacrifices are men. Scientists also found some pottery at the bottom of the well at the large Maya site in Yucatan Peninsula, and conducted detailed research. Among these pottery, there was a bowl that had been used to burn incense, and the bowl left traces of Maya blue. For a long time, scientists have been puzzled by how the ancient Mayans made such bright and durable pigments for the personal safety of experimenters. Today, scientists know that this blue contains two substances, one is the extract from indigo plant leaves, and the other is a clay mineral called palygorskite

by analyzing these pigment samples under the electron microscope, researchers were able to detect that the size of the experimental force that the key fixture in Maya blue can bear is a very important indicator of the fixture. Feynman said: "No one can really understand how these two ingredients are fused into a stable and bright pigment. We believe that Copa butter, that is, sacred incense, may be another ingredient. At present, we are all discussing that it may be Copa butter that plays a key role in the fusion of indigo extract and clay minerals. This kind of binder makes Maya blue more bright and lasting than other natural pigments. Moreover, we have found some evidence It turns out that's a guess. "

scientists believe that making Maya blue is also part of the ritual. "My guess is that the Mayans might burn a fire, put a container on the fire, mix these key ingredients in the boat, and then they might put hot Copa butter fragments into the container," Feynman said The "Holy Well" was first excavated in 1904. At that time, researchers found a 14 foot thick blue sediment layer at the bottom of the well, but did not know its source. Now, Feinman said, scientists know that the blue sediment layer may be left by the offerings painted blue that have been thrown into the well for years

Maya civilization is the ancient Indian civilization in Central America, an outstanding representative of the ancient Indian civilization in America, and is named after the Indian Maya. It is mainly distributed in southern Mexico, Guatemala, Brazil, Belize, Honduras and the western part of El Salvador. It was formed in about 2500 B.C. and an early slavery country was established around 400 B.C. it flourished from the 3rd to the 9th century A.D., declined in the 15th century, and was finally destroyed by Spanish colonists. After that, it was lost in the tropical jungle for a long time. Maya Society was once quite prosperous. Farmers cultivate border fields, terraced fields and swamp paddy fields, and the grain they produce can support the surging population. Artisans use flint, stone, bone horn and shell to make works of art, cotton fabrics, stone inscriptions, pottery and murals. Commodity trading prevails. However, since the middle of the 7th century, the Maya society began to decline gradually

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